Integrated citrus thrips control reduces secondary pests
Beth Grafton-Cardwell, Department of Entomology, UC Riverside
Ashley Eller, UC Riverside
Neil V. O'Connell, Tulare County
California Agriculture 49(2):23-28. DOI: 10.3733/ca.v049n02p23.
Citrus growers are very concerned about scarring of the rind caused by early-season pests such as citrus thrips, katydid and various Lepidopterous larvae because heavily scarred fruit is downgraded in the packing house. Citrus growers who use a broad-spectrum pesticide program for early-season pests experience problems with pest resurgence and pesticide resistance, but generally have low levels of fruit scarring. Growers who use both selective pesticides and natural enemies have fewer secondary pest outbreaks of citrus red mite, but don't always effectively control citrus thrips scarring.
B. Grafton-Cardwell is Assistant IPM Specialist and Research Entomologist in the Department of Entomology, UC Riverside, stationed at the Kearney Agricultural Center; A. Eller is Staff Research Associate, UC Riverside, stationed at the Lindcove Research and Extension Center; N. O'Connell is UC Cooperative Extension Farm Advisor, Tulare County.
The authors thank J. Morse, UC Riverside, for review of the manuscript. This study was conducted with grant support from the USDA-ES Smith-Lever IPM Project.