New test reveals early diapause in pink bollworm
Thomas A. Miller, UC Riverside
Mohamed Salama, UC Riverside
Richard C. Weddle, Agricultural Commissioner's Office
Saku Sivasupramaniam, University of Arizona
California Agriculture 47(4):24-26. DOI: 10.3733/ca.v047n04p24.
Through basic research into genetic control of pink bollworm development, we devised a rapid immunological method of determining diapause in pink bollworm larvae — formerly a monthlong process which now requires only 24 hours. This new “ELISA” method has revealed that the pink bollworm larvae in the Imperial Valley sometimes enter diapause weeks ahead of the expected September date for diapause induction. The earliness of diapause induction is correlated with the severity of stress on the cotton plant caused by whitefly infestations.
T. A. Miller is Professor postdoctoral researcher, Department of Entomology, UC Riverside; M. Salama is Professor postdoctoral researcher, Department of Entomology, UC Riverside; R. C. Weddle is Entomologist, Imperial County Agricultural Commissioner's Office, El Centro; S. Sivasupramaniam is postdoctoral researcher, Department of Entomology, University of Arizona, Tucson.
Research reported here was supported entirely by funds from the California Cotton Pest Control Board.