Ecological research: Long-term studies to gauge effects of invading bees
California Agriculture 46(1):20-23. DOI: 10.3733/ca.v046n01p20.
The expected invasion of the United States by Africanized honey bees has inspired long-term studies documenting the ecological importance of native and introduced bees. Baseline data are being gathered to predict the effects of the invasion. Standardized sampling procedures and tools have been developed to monitor bee communities. The studies will provide information for developing wildland area conservation policies.
R. W. Thorp is Professor, Department of Entomology, UCD; G. W. Frankie is Professor, Department of Entomological Sciences, UCB; J. Barthell is graduate student, Department of Entomological Sciences, UCB; D. Gordon is graduate student, Department of Entomology, UCD; L. Newstrom is Staff Research Associate, Department of Entomological Sciences, UCB; T. Griswold is Research Scientist, Bee Biology and Systematics Lab, USDA-ARS, Logan, Utah; J. Schmidt is Research Scientist Carl Hayden Bee Research Center, USDA-ARS, Tucson, Arizona. S. Thoenes is Technician, Carl Hayden Bee Research Center, USDA-ARS, Tucson, Arizona.
The authors thank John Neves and Ned Waters, VM Radiology, UCD for taking Xrays of nests in sticks and Barbara Root-Kelley, Ernesto Guzman-Nova, Jong-Yoon Kim, Joan Long at UCD, and Merle Domond at UCB for assistance in rearing, curating and dissecting sticks