High density apple orchards offer many advantages
Warren C. Micke
California Agriculture 30(9):8-11. DOI: 10.3733/ca.v030n09p8.
Not available – first paragraph follows:
Currently, typical California apple orchards have large trees that usually require three operations per year from tall ladders. If ladders could be eliminated or their size reduced, orchard safety could be improved; time could be saved climbing and moving ladders; and a broader spectrum of labor (women, teenagers, and older persons) might be available for orchard operations, Smaller, more closely spaced trees could also produce better colored fruit, allow easier and improved pest control, increase early production, and provide quicker return on investment.
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. All are members of a University of California high density, deciduous fruit-tree committee formed in 1973 to search for, review, and evaluate information on close-planted orchards. The committee also included James Beutel, Richard Bethell, Bruce Bearden, Robert Fridley, Kenneth Hench, Chester Hemstreet, Gordon Morehead, Doyle Reed, and K. Ryugo.